Post-Colonial Colonialism: An Analysis of International Factors and Actors Marring African Socio-Economic and Political Development

Very few, if anyone, can argue that Africa's connection and relationship with the West is an asymmetrical one which cost the continent positive and sustainable developments in the political, economic and social areas. There is also no doubt in the fact that Africa's irresponsible and greedy leadership coupled with corruption and mismanagement of state and public properties are also largely responsible for the continent's demise (see Alemazung AJPSIR forthcoming). Unlike in "Leadership fallibilities and flaws in Africa" (ibid.) where I focused on the internal factors/actors impacting politics on the continent, the main argument in this paper is centered on the external factors contributing to the failures and lugubrious state of the continent. According to this paper, the foundation for failure was laid in Africa during colonialism and is sustained through colonial legacies with the accomplice of African elite leaders. This is demonstrated with empirical case studies examples drawn from around the continent beginning with colonialism, post-colonial development aid to and other Western support which has been counterproductive on the continent. Contrary to the intended purpose of development aid, such efforts from the West continues to cause more harm than good when combined with autocracy and tyrannical leadership which contribute to the downfall of people. The conclusion drawn in this paper blames Africa's failure to a great extent on international (exogenous) factors. Key words: colonial legacy, conditioned aid, neo-patrimonialism, ethnic divisions, tyrant rulers.

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