Influence of Chemical Elements on Mammalian Spermatozoa

Exposure to heavy metals is the most important risk factor in the assessment of spermatogenesis. About 30-40 % cases of infertility are caused by the male factor, and most of them are due to the small quantity of spermatozoa or to inferior spermatozoa quality. The negative impact on sperm motility, morphology and concentration of such chemical elements as Al, Cr, Cd, Pb or Fe was observed, while positive influence was noticed for Zn, Mg, and Ca. The influence of Mn, Cu, Ni or Se on spermatozoa is ambiguous. Chemical elements known as necessary for capacitation and acrosome reaction are Zn, Mg and Ca, while Cd and Pb disturb initiation and progress of the acrosome reaction. The positive effect of chemical elements Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Se, and Zn, lies in their protection against oxidative stress. On the other hand, Al, Cu and Ni induce structural changes in the testes and epididymis or influence interactions with other chemical elements. Abbreviations: CASA - computer-assisted semen analyser, CAT - catatase, FSH - follicle-stimulating hormone, HMW-Zn% - Zn-high-molecular-weight proteins, IVF - in vitro fertilization, SOD - superoxide dismutase, WHO - World Health Organization.

© Charles University in Prague, First Faculty of Medicine 2012. Provided by ProQuest LLC. All Rights Reserved.

The use of this website is subject to the following Terms of Use