LANDSCAPE PLANNING FRAMEWORK IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT - LINKAGES AND MUTUAL BENEFITS

Landscape planning instruments represent one of the most comprehensive planning mechanisms of landscape protection and development. At present, it is undergoing change due to new EU requirements towards sustainable development. In this context, implementation of preventive systems can be made considerably easier and can be coordinated with the help of landscape planning instruments and methods. The article is intended to deal with possible linkages and co-ordination aspects between environmental assessment processes and landscape planning instruments. After a short introduction the rational and potential mutual benefits of both tools are explained considering their interlinks. Best practices and experience in EU member states are then described. A special attention is given to analysis of landscape-ecological planning methods that can be helpful for environmental assessment processes. Finally, suggestions and recommendations for beneficial contribution of landscape planning framework to environmental assessment procedures have been explored. Key words: landscape planning, environmental assessment, linkages and benefits, landscape-ecological planning methods and instruments.

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